Effect of clopidogrel with and without eptifibatide on tumor necrosis factor-alpha and C-reactive protein release after elective stenting: results from the CLEAR PLATELETS 1b study.
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to compare the effects of antiplatelet regimens on early inflammation and cardiac marker release after elective stenting. BACKGROUND: Few data exist regarding the comparative effects of specific antiplatelet regimens on early inflammation marker release after stenting. METHODS: In a 2 x 2 factorial randomized investigation, patients undergoing stenting were treated with either clopidogrel alone (300 mg or 600 mg; n = 60) or clopidogrel with eptifibatide (n = 60). Platelet aggregation (5 and 20 muM adenosine diphosphate [ADP]), ADP-stimulated expression of active glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa, and platelet-bound P-selectin, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, C-reactive protein (CRP), and cardiac markers were measured. RESULTS: Compared with a strategy of clopidogrel alone, clopidogrel + eptifibatide reduced the release of cardiac markers. A marked reduction in platelet aggregation and active GP IIb/IIIa expression (p < or = 0.001) with clopidogrel + eptifibatide was associated with a decrease in CRP and TNF-alpha release (p < or = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: A strategy of clopidogrel with GP IIb/IIIa blockade resulted in superior inhibition of inflammation and cardiac marker release, which was accompanied by superior platelet inhibition immediately after percutaneous coronary intervention compared with a strategy of clopidogrel alone. The mechanistic and clinical implications of attenuated periprocedural inflammation and myocardial necrosis with a strategy of GP IIb/IIIa inhibition warrant further investigation.
Gurbel, PA; Bliden, KP; Tantry, US
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