Effect of clopidogrel with and without eptifibatide on tumor necrosis factor-alpha and C-reactive protein release after elective stenting: results from the CLEAR PLATELETS 1b study.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to compare the effects of antiplatelet regimens on early inflammation and cardiac marker release after elective stenting. BACKGROUND: Few data exist regarding the comparative effects of specific antiplatelet regimens on early inflammation marker release after stenting. METHODS: In a 2 x 2 factorial randomized investigation, patients undergoing stenting were treated with either clopidogrel alone (300 mg or 600 mg; n = 60) or clopidogrel with eptifibatide (n = 60). Platelet aggregation (5 and 20 muM adenosine diphosphate [ADP]), ADP-stimulated expression of active glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa, and platelet-bound P-selectin, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, C-reactive protein (CRP), and cardiac markers were measured. RESULTS: Compared with a strategy of clopidogrel alone, clopidogrel + eptifibatide reduced the release of cardiac markers. A marked reduction in platelet aggregation and active GP IIb/IIIa expression (p < or = 0.001) with clopidogrel + eptifibatide was associated with a decrease in CRP and TNF-alpha release (p < or = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: A strategy of clopidogrel with GP IIb/IIIa blockade resulted in superior inhibition of inflammation and cardiac marker release, which was accompanied by superior platelet inhibition immediately after percutaneous coronary intervention compared with a strategy of clopidogrel alone. The mechanistic and clinical implications of attenuated periprocedural inflammation and myocardial necrosis with a strategy of GP IIb/IIIa inhibition warrant further investigation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gurbel, PA; Bliden, KP; Tantry, US

Published Date

  • December 5, 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 48 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 2186 - 2191

PubMed ID

  • 17161243

Pubmed Central ID

  • 17161243

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-3597

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jacc.2005.12.084

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States