Resistance to antiplatelet drugs: current status and future research.
Platelet reactivity and activation are important factors during the development of atherothrombotic processes and subsequent ischaemic complications. Pharmacological agents that suppress platelet function are proved to be the most efficient in the prevention and treatment of thrombotic complications. As the activation of platelets during thrombus generation involves many complex and redundant pathways, simultaneous use of different antiplatelet drugs that are directed against different targets have been effective in reducing adverse clinical events. The main antiplatelet drugs are aspirin (which inhibits thromboxane synthesis), thienopyridines (which block P2Y12 receptors) and glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonists (which block glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptors). In recent years, resistance or nonresponsiveness to antiplatelet therapy has been reported and, more importantly, are linked to the occurrence of adverse cardiovascular events. New treatment strategies to overcome nonresponsiveness are being sought. A focus on the development of simple, reproducible and user friendly point-of-care methods to determine aspirin/clopidogrel responsiveness should be undertaken to assist clinicians in tailoring antiplatelet therapy to the individual patient.
Tantry, US; Bliden, KP; Gurbel, PA
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