Could stent design affect platelet activation? Results of the Platelet Activation in STenting (PAST) Study.
Platelet activation induced by coronary artery stenting may be related to stent design. In a prospective, randomized pilot study of 54 elective patients, platelet activation was analyzed before and at 2 hours, 24 hours, 5 days and 30 days post-implantation of either a closed-cell (NIR) or open-cell (TETRA) stent. Platelet activation was less following NIR implantation as indicated by reduced aggregation to 5 mol adenosine diphosphate at 30 days (32.3 6.1% versus 94.5 18.9%; p = 0.02) and reduced expression of multiple surface markers (log mean fluorescence intensity): at 2 hours, CD 107a (22 13 versus 18 5; p = 0.045); at 24 hours, CD 31 (136 48 versus 110 48; p = 0.04), CD 151 (104 45 versus 91 31; p = 0.048), platelet leukocyte aggregates (95 40 versus 77 24; p = 0.018), and CD 107a (24 12 versus 17 4; p = 0.03); and at 30 days, CD 151 (99 33 versus 81 32; p = 0.03), platelet leukocyte aggregates (84 35 versus 72 31; p = 0.045) and PAC-1 (88 91 versus 72 30; p = 0.025). Ex vivo studies in explanted swine hearts revealed that the NIR stent produced less intimal prolapse and thus a smoother stent-vessel wall interface than the TETRA stent. In this pilot study, platelet activation was greater during the 30 days following implantation of an open-cell versus a closed-cell stent. This finding may be related to superior scaffolding, resulting in a smoother luminal contour after implantation of a closed-cell stent.
Gurbel, PA; Callahan, KP; Malinin, AI; Serebruany, VL; Gillis, J
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