Uniform platelet activation exists before coronary stent implantation despite aspirin therapy.
BACKGROUND: Platelets play an important role in the natural history of coronary artery disease. Enhanced platelet aggregation and receptor expression unquestionably occur after coronary stent implantation; however, the functional characteristics of platelets before stenting have not been fully elucidated. METHODS: Platelets were assessed before intervention by platelet-rich plasma aggregation (PA) with 5 mmol adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and 1 mg/mL collagen; whole blood aggregation (WBA) by 1 mg/mL collagen; shear-induced closure time (CT); contractile force (CF); and expression of 9 surface receptors by flow cytometry in 126 patients undergoing elective coronary artery stent placement. All patients received aspirin for at least 7 days. The data were compared with those from 64 healthy volunteers. RESULTS: Each test revealed sustained platelet activation in patients undergoing coronary stenting compared with control values. These differences were significant for collagen-induced PA (P =.031); CF (P =.0001); expression of glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa (P =.0001); P-selectin (P =.0008); platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule (PECAM)-1 (P =.0001); CD107a (P =.0001); CD107b (P =.0004); and CD63 (P =.009). CONCLUSION: Platelets are indeed activated before coronary stenting despite antecedent therapy with aspirin.
Serebruany, VL; Cummings, CC; Malinin, AI; Steinhubl, SR; Gurbel, PA
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)