Cardiac troponin after percutaneous coronary intervention and 1-year mortality in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome using systematic evaluation of biomarker trends.
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to review cardiac troponin (cTn) trends during non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE ACS) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the EARLY ACS (Early Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Inhibition in Non-ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes) and SYNERGY (Superior Yield of the New Strategy of Enoxaparin, Revascularization and Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Inhibitors) studies and to study the relationship between post-PCI cTn and mortality. BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of cTn post-PCI is controversial. In patients with NSTE ACS, it is especially difficult to distinguish between cTn elevations due to PCI or index myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: Time and cTn (indexed by upper limit of normal [ULN]) data pairs were plotted for 10,199 patients and independently reviewed by 2 physicians to identify patients in whom post-PCI cTn elevation could be distinguished from that of index MI. Post-PCI cTn peak was identified for each plot, and its relationship with 1-year mortality was evaluated using Cox modeling, correcting for 15 clinical variables from the EARLY ACS 1-year mortality model (including baseline cTn). We used an identical methodology to assess the association between creatine kinase-myocardial band and 1-year mortality. RESULTS: Patients with cTn (re-)elevation post-PCI not evaluable were identified and excluded from further analysis (4,198 [41%] with cTn rising prior to PCI; 229 [2%] with missing cTn). Among the remainder (n = 5,772 [57%]), in the multivariable model, peak cTn post-PCI was associated with a 7% increase in mortality (hazard ratio [HR] for 10 × ULN increase: 1.07, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02 to 1.11; p = 0.0038). Peak post-PCI creatine kinase-myocardial band was significantly associated with 1-year mortality (HR for 1 × ULN increase: 1.13, 95% CI: 1.05 to 1.21; p = 0.0013). CONCLUSIONS: We used a methodology that differentiated post-PCI cTn (re-)elevation from that of presenting MI in more than one-half of patients with NSTE ACS undergoing PCI. This identified a highly significant relationship between post-PCI cTn and 1-year mortality, with implications for both incorporating a cTn post-PCI MI definition and preventing PCI-related myonecrosis.
Tricoci, P; Leonardi, S; White, J; White, HD; Armstrong, PW; Montalescot, G; Giugliano, RP; Gibson, CM; Van de Werf, F; Califf, RM; Harrington, RA; Braunwald, E; Mahaffey, KW; Newby, LK
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