First evidence on the validity and reliability of the Safety Organizing Scale-Nursing Home version (SOS-NH).
Journal Article (Journal Article;Multicenter Study)
BACKGROUND: The Safety Organizing Scale is a valid and reliable measure on safety behaviors and practices in hospitals. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to explore the psychometric properties of the Safety Organizing Scale-Nursing Home version (SOS-NH). DESIGN AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional analysis of staff survey data, we examined validity and reliability of the 9-item Safety SOS-NH using American Educational Research Association guidelines. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: This substudy of a larger trial used baseline survey data collected from staff members (n = 627) in a variety of work roles in 13 nursing homes (NHs) in North Carolina and Virginia. RESULTS: Psychometric evaluation of the SOS-NH revealed good response patterns with low average of missing values across all items (3.05%). Analyses of the SOS-NH's internal structure (eg, comparative fit indices = 0.929, standardized root mean square error of approximation = 0.045) and consistency (composite reliability = 0.94) suggested its 1-dimensionality. Significant between-facility variability, intraclass correlations, within-group agreement, and design effect confirmed appropriateness of the SOS-NH for measurement at the NH level, justifying data aggregation. The SOS-NH showed discriminate validity from one related concept: communication openness. IMPLICATIONS: Initial evidence regarding validity and reliability of the SOS-NH supports its utility in measuring safety behaviors and practices among a wide range of NH staff members, including those with low literacy. Further psychometric evaluation should focus on testing concurrent and criterion validity, using resident outcome measures (eg, patient fall rates).
- Ausserhofer, D; Anderson, RA; Colón-Emeric, C; Schwendimann, R
- August 2013
Volume / Issue
- 14 / 8
Start / End Page
- 616 - 622
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States