A phase II study of the oral VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor vatalanib (PTK787/ZK222584) in myelodysplastic syndrome: Cancer and Leukemia Group B study 10105 (Alliance).

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis is implicated in the pathophysiology and progression of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Vatalanib (PTK787/ZK222584; Novartis and Schering AG) inhibits receptor tyrosine kinases of vascular endothelial growth factor, platelet derived growth factor and c-Kit. We examined whether vatalanib induces hematological responses in MDS and/or delays progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or death. METHODS: Two cohorts were studied. Vatalanib 1250 mg orally was given once daily (cohort 1) or 750-1250 mg once daily in an intra-patient dose escalating schedule (cohort 2) in 28-day cycles to 155 patients with MDS; 142 patients were evaluable for response and 153 for toxicity. RESULTS: The median age was 70.5 years; 51 % had low risk (International Prognostic Scoring System {IPSS} Low/Intermediate-1) and 32 % had high risk (IPSS Intermediate-2/High) MDS. Hematological improvement was achieved in 7/142 (5 %) patients; all 7 were among the 47 patients able to remain on vatalanib for at least 3 months (hematological improvement achieved in 15 % of these 47 patients). For patients with low risk and high risk MDS, respectively, median progression-free survivals were 15 and 6 months, median times to transformation to AML were 28 and 6 months, and median overall survivals were 36 and 10 months. The most frequent non-hematological adverse events grade ≥ 2 were fatigue, nausea or vomiting, dizziness, anorexia, ataxia, diarrhea, and pain. Two deaths (one intra-cerebral hemorrhage and one sudden death) were possibly related to vatalanib. CONCLUSIONS: Vatalanib induces improvement in blood counts in a small proportion of MDS patients. Clinical applicability is limited by side effects.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gupta, P; Mulkey, F; Hasserjian, RP; Sanford, BL; Vij, R; Hurd, DD; Odenike, OM; Bloomfield, CD; Owzar, K; Stone, RM; Larson, RA; Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology,

Published Date

  • October 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1311 - 1320

PubMed ID

  • 23700288

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23700288

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-0646

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10637-013-9978-z

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States