Effects of caffeine on alcohol consumption and nicotine self-administration in rats.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine are 3 of the most widespread self-administered psychoactive substances, which are known to be extensively co-administered. However, little is known about the degree to which they may mutually potentiate each other's consumption. METHODS: In the current set of studies, we examined in rats the effect of caffeine administration on alcohol drinking and intravenous (i.v.) self-administration of nicotine. In male alcohol-preferring (P) rats, caffeine (5, 10, and 20 mg/kg) or the saline vehicle was administered acutely either by subcutaneous (S.C.) injection or orally (PO) by gavage. In a chronic study, the effect of PO caffeine (5 and 20 mg/kg) on alcohol intake over a 10-day period was tested. In another experiment, the effect of acute PO administration of caffeine (20 mg/kg) or saline on saccharin intake (0.2% solution) was determined in P rats. Effects of 20 mg/kg caffeine on motor activity were also determined in P rats. Finally, the effects of acute PO caffeine administration on nicotine self-administration in Sprague-Dawley rats were also determined. RESULTS: Both routes of administration of caffeine, S.C. and PO, caused a significant dose-related decrease in alcohol intake and preference during free access to alcohol and after 4-day deprivation of alcohol. However, the low dose of 5 mg/kg caffeine increased alcohol intake. Acute PO caffeine also reduced saccharin intake. Acute systemic administration of 20 mg/kg caffeine did not exert a significant effect on motor activity. In Sprague-Dawley rats trained to self-administer i.v. nicotine, acute PO administration of caffeine significantly increased self-administration of nicotine in a dose-related manner. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that adenosine receptor systems may play a role in both alcohol and nicotine intake and deserve further study regarding these addictions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rezvani, AH; Sexton, HG; Johnson, J; Wells, C; Gordon, K; Levin, ED

Published Date

  • September 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 37 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 1609 - 1617

PubMed ID

  • 23895206

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23895206

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1530-0277

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/acer.12127

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England