Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS): posttreatment follow-up care among Latina and non-Latina White women.
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of information about posttreatment care among patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). This study compares posttreatment care by ethnicity-language and physician specialty among Latina and White women with DCIS. METHODS: Latina and White women diagnosed with DCIS between 2002 and 2005 identified through the California Cancer Registry completed a telephone survey in 2006. Main outcomes were breast surveillance, lifestyle counseling, and follow-up physician specialty. KEY RESULTS: Of 742 women (396 White, 349 Latinas), most (90 %) had at least one clinical breast exam (CBE). Among women treated with breast-conserving surgery (BCS; N = 503), 76 % had received at least two mammograms. While 92 % of all women had follow-up with a breast specialist, Spanish-speaking Latinas had the lowest specialist follow-up rates (84 %) of all groups. Lifestyle counseling was low with only 53 % discussing exercise, 43 % weight, and 31 % alcohol in relation to their DCIS. In multivariable analysis, Spanish-speaking Latinas with BCS had lower odds of receiving the recommended mammography screening in the year following treatment compared to Whites (OR 0.5; 95 % CI, 0.2-0.9). Regardless of ethnicity-language, seeing both a specialist and primary care physician increased the odds of mammography screening and CBE (OR 1.6; 95 % CI, 1.2-2.3 and OR 1.9; 95 % CI, 1.3-2.8), as well as having discussions about exercise, weight, and alcohol use, compared to seeing a specialist only. CONCLUSIONS: Most women reported appropriate surveillance after DCIS treatment. However, our results suggest less adequate follow-up for Spanish-speaking Latinas, possibly due to language barriers or insurance access. IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS: Follow-up with a primary care provider in addition to a breast specialist increases receipt of appropriate follow-up for all women.
López, ME; Kaplan, CP; Nápoles, AM; Livaudais, JC; Hwang, ES; Stewart, SL; Bloom, J; Karliner, L
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