CT evaluation of acute cholecystitis: findings and usefulness in diagnosis.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to describe the CT findings of acute cholecystitis and apply previously proposed CT criteria for its diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed CT scans of 29 patients with proven acute cholecystitis. Scans were reviewed for gallstones, gallbladder distension, bile density, wall thickening, pericholecystic fluid, subserosal edema, pericholecystic stranding, and sloughed membranes. Previously published criteria were applied to determine the percentage of patients that met positive criteria for acute cholecystitis. RESULTS: The most common CT findings, in decreasing order of frequency, were wall thickening (n = 17), pericholecystic stranding (n = 15), distension (n = 12), pericholecystic fluid (n = 9), subserosal edema (n = 9), high-attenuation bile (n = 7), and sloughed membranes (n = 1). Of the 29 cases of acute cholecystitis, 15 met previously published CT criteria. CONCLUSION: CT can be useful in diagnosing acute cholecystitis. Common CT findings of acute cholecystitis include wall thickening, pericholecystic stranding, distention, high-attenuation bile, pericholecystic fluid, and subserosal edema. When these findings are present, the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis can be suggested. However, previously published CT criteria failed to identify a significant number of patients with acute cholecystitis.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Fidler, J; Paulson, EK; Layfield, L

Published Date

  • May 1996

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 166 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1085 - 1088

PubMed ID

  • 8615248

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8615248

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0361-803X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2214/ajr.166.5.8615248

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States