Thick blood syndrome.
Twenty cases of hyperviscosity were studied prospectively to determine the presence and incidence of radiological findings and whether or not exchange transfusion had an appreciable effect on these findings. Serial chest radiographs revealed increased pulmonary vascularity, hyperaeration, and mild, bilateral alveolar infiltrates (perihilar and/or lower lobe). Ten patients were treated with partial plasma exchange transfusions which resulted in improvement of radiological findings. Hyperviscosity is more common than previously recognized. This entity may have profound significance as a potentially treatable cause of central nervous system damage in the neonate.
Wesenberg, RL; Rumack, CM; Lubchenco, LO; Wirth, FH; McGuinness, GA; Tomlinson, AL
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