Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL) is the newest indication approved by the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society's Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Committee. Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss appears to be characterized by hypoxia in the perilymph and therefore the scala tympani and the organ of Corti. A review of the literature reveals more than 100 publications evaluating the use of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) for the treatment of ISSHL, including eight randomized controlled trials. The best and most consistent results are obtained when HBO2 is initiated within two weeks of symptom onset and combined with corticosteroid treatment. The average hearing gain is 19.3 dB for moderate hearing loss and 37.7 dB for severe cases. This improvement brings hearing deficits from the moderate/severe range into the slight/no impairment range. This is a significant gain that can markedly improve a patient's quality of life, both clinically and functionally.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Murphy-Lavoie, H; Piper, S; Moon, RE; Legros, T

Published Date

  • May 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 39 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 777 - 792

PubMed ID

  • 22670557

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22670557

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1066-2936

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States