Appropriateness of percutaneous coronary intervention: a review.
The appropriateness of coronary revascularization for various clinical scenarios has been reviewed formally by several specialty and subspecialty societies resulting in the formulation of scored appropriateness criteria. The goal of the appropriateness criteria is to guide physician decision-making and future research as well as to label coronary revascularization more clearly for patients and payors in regards to its expected benefits in certain situations. The appropriateness criteria were formulated from a standardized process and are intended to be updated at regular intervals as new data further elucidates the clinical roles of revascularization. Since its last iteration in early 2012, several studies have been published that may further expand scenarios or impact the appropriateness of revascularization in already-established scenarios. The differentiation of appropriateness with particular forms of revascularization has been reserved for specific clinical scenarios where revascularization is generally considered necessary and appropriate. The goals of this review are 1) to highlight aspects of the methodology and development of the coronary revascularization appropriateness criteria, and 2) to focus on the role established specifically for percutaneous coronary intervention within the criteria. Important data published in 2012 that further evaluates the role of percutaneous coronary intervention will also be reviewed with a focus on its potential impact on future iterations of the appropriateness criteria.
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