Timing of end-of-life care discussion with performance on end-of-life quality indicators in ovarian cancer
Objectives (1) To describe the prevalence, timing and setting of documented end-of-life (EOL) discussions in patients with advanced ovarian cancer; and (2) to assess the impact of timing and setting of documented end-of-life discussions on EOL quality care measures. Methods A retrospective study of women who died of ovarian cancer diagnosed between 1999 and 2008 was conducted. The following are the EOL quality measures assessed: chemotherapy in the last 14 days of life, > 1 hospitalization in the last 30 days, > 1 ER visit in the last 30 days, intensive care unit (ICU) admission in the last 30 days, dying in an acute care setting, admitted to hospice ≤ 3 days. Results One hundred seventy-seven (80%) patients had documented end-of-life discussions. Median interval from EOL discussion until death was 29 days. Seventy-eight patients (44%) had EOL discussions as outpatient and 99 (56%) as inpatient. Sixty-four out of 220 (29%) patients' care did not conform to at least one EOL quality measure. An EOL discussion at least 30 days before death was associated with a lower incidence of: chemotherapy in the last 14 days of life (p = 0.003), > 1 hospitalization in the last 30 days (p < 0.001), ICU admission in the last 30 days (p = 0.005), dying in acute care setting (p = 0.01), admitted to hospice ≤ 3 days (p = 0.02). EOL discussion as outpatient was associated with fewer patients hospitalized > 1 in the last 30 days of life (p < 0.001). Conclusions End-of-life care discussions are occurring too late in the disease process. Conformance with EOL quality measures can be achieved with earlier end-of-life care discussions. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Lopez-Acevedo, M; Havrilesky, LJ; Broadwater, G; Kamal, AH; Abernethy, AP; Berchuck, A; Secord, AA; Tulsky, JA; Valea, F; Lee, PS
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