Microdosing and drug development: past, present and future.


Journal Article (Review)

Microdosing is an approach to early drug development where exploratory pharmacokinetic data are acquired in humans using inherently safe sub-pharmacologic doses of drug. The first publication of microdose data was 10 years ago and this review comprehensively explores the microdose concept from conception, over the past decade, up until the current date.The authors define and distinguish the concept of microdosing from similar approaches. The authors review the ability of microdosing to provide exploratory pharmacokinetics (concentration-time data) but exclude microdosing using positron emission tomography. The article provides a comprehensive review of data within the peer-reviewed literature as well as the latest applications and a look into the future, towards where microdosing may be headed.Evidence so far suggests that microdosing may be a better predictive tool of human pharmacokinetics than alternative methods and combination with physiologically based modelling may lead to much more reliable predictions in the future. The concept has also been applied to drug-drug interactions, polymorphism and assessing drug concentrations over time at its site of action. Microdosing may yet have more to offer in unanticipated directions and provide benefits that have not been fully realised to date.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Lappin, G; Noveck, R; Burt, T

Published Date

  • July 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 817 - 834

PubMed ID

  • 23550938

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23550938

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1744-7607

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1742-5255

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1517/17425255.2013.786042


  • eng