Environmental implications and applications of carbon nanomaterials in water treatment.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Carbon nanomaterials have been proposed as a basis for developing new technologies for photocatalytic oxidation and disinfection, improved membrane processes, adsorbents, and biofilm-resistant surfaces. This study details recent progress towards the development of these proposed applications. We explored the use of carbon nanomaterials such as fullerene C60, single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), and multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) for a range of new technologies including, degradation of a probe organic compound by in situ generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), new strategies for microbial disinfection, and the inhibition of biofilm development on membrane surfaces. The results show that the degradation of 2-chlorophenol by ROS produced microbial inactivation, and the mobility of the nanoparticle aggregates of the carbon nanomaterials all increased as suspensions were fractionated to enrich with smaller aggregates with sonication followed by successive membrane filtration.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chae, SR; Hotze, EM; Badireddy, AR; Lin, S; Kim, JO; Wiesner, MR

Published Date

  • January 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 67 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 2582 - 2586

PubMed ID

  • 23752392

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1996-9732

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0273-1223

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2166/wst.2013.167


  • eng