How baccalaureate nursing programs teach writing.
BACKGROUND: Written communication skills are critical for nursing practice. However, nursing faculty often find students unprepared to communicate clearly and effectively in writing. This integrative review identifies and discusses specific approaches used in baccalaureate programs to teach writing skills to prelicensure nursing students. METHODS: Electronic databases PubMed, CINALHL, and ERIC were used. Nine articles were found describing programs that taught writing skills to prelicensure nursing students in baccalaureate programs. All articles were published since 1990 and met inclusion and exclusion criteria. Writing programs were divided into two categories: stand-alone programs and programs integrated across a nursing curriculum. Instructional strategies were analyzed to identify common elements. FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION: Five common elements of such programs were identified: short writing assignments, faculty training, sequential writing assignments, giving students examples of successful writing or explaining grading rubrics, and revision after faculty or peer feedback. Across-curriculum programs appeared to include these components more often than stand-alone programs. CONCLUSION: Writing programs implemented across a nursing curriculum may be more likely to include certain common components than are stand-alone programs. There is a critical need to measure both short- and long-term outcomes of these writing programs.
Troxler, H; Vann, JCJ; Oermann, MH
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