Knowledge and attitudes about AIDS among Canadian nursing students: educational implications.
Research was conducted to examine the level of knowledge and attitudes about acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) among Canadian nursing students and faculty and the relationships among knowledge, attitudes, and willingness to care for AIDS patients. The study was an extension of earlier research by Lawrence and Lawrence (1989). A descriptive-correlational design was used in which four levels of nursing students and faculty (N = 166) completed the AIDS Assess Test. Knowledge scores increased as students progressed through the program; faculty had the highest scores. Attitude scores were relatively low, indicating areas in which further education and values clarification are essential. Pearson's r revealed significant positive relationships between subjects' knowledge of AIDS and attitude scores for the sample as a whole and two levels of students in the nursing program. Other variables relating to subjects' attitudes toward AIDS patients and willingness to care for and have contact with them were identified in the research. Findings suggest additional learning experiences for assisting students in developing the knowledge needed for care of the patient with AIDS and clarifying values and beliefs which might influence that care.
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