Effectiveness of self-instruction for arthritis patient education.
Self-instruction is one means of providing patient education, allowing the health professional to teach a larger number of persons than with one-to-one or group instruction and at a lower cost. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of self-instruction on learning, satisfaction with the teaching approach, and health status of persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A control-group pretest-posttest design was used. Thirty subjects receiving care at a rheumatology clinic who met study criteria were randomly assigned to two groups: self-instruction and control. One-way analysis of covariance on posttest Rheumatoid Arthritis Knowledge Inventory (RAKI) scores, with the pretest as covariate, was used to examine the difference in learning between the self-instruction and control groups. There was a significant difference between the groups (P = 0.01). Participants who completed the self-instructional program had improved scores on the posttest as compared to the control. Subjects rated self-instruction as an effective teaching strategy in terms of promoting learning about RA and patient acceptability. t-Test demonstrated no significant difference between the groups in health status. Significant correlations were found between subjects' test scores and selected variables.
Oermann, MH; Doyle, TH; Clark, LR; Rivers, CL; Rose, VY
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