Nucleotide regulation of soluble guanylate cyclase substrate specificity.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) serves as a receptor for the signaling agent nitric oxide (NO). sGC synthesis of cGMP is regulated by NO, GTP, ATP, and allosteric activators such as YC-1. The guanylate cyclase activity and adenylate cyclase activity of full-length sGC and the sGC catalytic domain constructs (alpha1(cat)beta1(cat)) are reported here. ATP is a mixed-type inhibitor of cGMP production for both sGC and alpha1(cat)beta1(cat), indicating that the C-terminus of sGC contains an allosteric nucleotide binding site. YC-1 did not activate alpha1(cat)beta1(cat) or compete with ATP inhibition of cGMP synthesis, which suggests that YC-1 and ATP bind to distinct sites. alpha1(cat)beta1(cat) and NO-stimulated sGC also synthesize cAMP, but this activity is inhibited by ATP via noncompetitive substrate inhibition and by GTP via mixed-type inhibition. Additionally, the adenylate cyclase activity of purified sGC was inhibited by PC12 lysate, suggesting that an intracellular small molecule or protein regulates this activity in vivo.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Derbyshire, ER; Fernhoff, NB; Deng, S; Marletta, MA

Published Date

  • August 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 48 / 31

Start / End Page

  • 7519 - 7524

PubMed ID

  • 19527054

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2742167

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-4995

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-2960

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/bi900696x


  • eng