Comparative mortality risks of antipsychotic medications in community-dwelling older adults.
BACKGROUND: All antipsychotic medications carry warnings of increased mortality for older adults, but little is known about comparative mortality risks between individual agents. AIMS: To estimate the comparative mortality risks of commonly prescribed antipsychotic agents in older people living in the community. METHOD: A retrospective, claims-based cohort study was conducted of people over 65 years old living in the community who had been newly prescribed risperidone, olanzapine, quetiapine, haloperidol, aripiprazole or ziprasidone (n = 136 393). Propensity score-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models assessed the 180-day mortality risk of each antipsychotic compared with risperidone. RESULTS: Risperidone, olanzapine and haloperidol showed a dose-response relation in mortality risk. After controlling for propensity score and dose, mortality risk was found to be increased for haloperidol (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.18, 95% CI 1.06-1.33) and decreased for quetiapine (HR = 0.81, 95% CI 0.73-0.89) and olanzapine (HR = 0.82, 95% CI 0.74-0.90). CONCLUSIONS: Significant variation in mortality risk across commonly prescribed antipsychotics suggests that antipsychotic selection and dosing may affect survival of older people living in the community.
Gerhard, T; Huybrechts, K; Olfson, M; Schneeweiss, S; Bobo, WV; Doraiswamy, PM; Devanand, DP; Lucas, JA; Huang, C; Malka, ES; Levin, R; Crystal, S
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