Phonon bottleneck in graphene-based Josephson junctions at millikelvin temperatures.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We examine the nature of the transitions between the normal and superconducting branches in superconductor-graphene-superconductor Josephson junctions. We attribute the hysteresis between the switching (superconducting to normal) and retrapping (normal to superconducting) transitions to electron overheating. In particular, we demonstrate that the retrapping current corresponds to the critical current at an elevated temperature, where the heating is caused by the retrapping current itself. The superconducting gap in the leads suppresses the hot electron outflow, allowing us to further study electron thermalization by phonons at low temperatures (T≲1 K). The relationship between the applied power and the electron temperature was found to be P∝T3, which we argue is consistent with cooling due to electron-phonon interactions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Borzenets, IV; Coskun, UC; Mebrahtu, HT; Bomze, YV; Smirnov, AI; Finkelstein, G

Published Date

  • July 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 111 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 027001 -

PubMed ID

  • 23889431

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1079-7114

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0031-9007

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1103/physrevlett.111.027001


  • eng