Macular findings in healthy full-term Hispanic newborns observed by hand-held spectral-domain optical coherence tomography.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To enhance understanding of ethnically diverse normal newborn retinal morphology, the authors report spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) macular findings in healthy Hispanic newborns. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this IRB-approved prospective, observational case series, 20 full-term Hispanic newborns had dilated retinal examinations and imaging by hand-held SD-OCT without sedation at the Duke Birthing Center. RESULTS: Of 20 newborns imaged (35% male; median gestational age: 39 weeks; range: 36 to 40 weeks), two (10%) had bilateral subfoveal fluid, including one case of bilateral double subretinal fluid pockets. Three eyes of two infants (10%) had retinal macular cystoid structures (one enlarged at 1.5 months, with resolution by 3 months). These SD-OCT findings were not visible by indirect ophthalmoscopy. CONCLUSION: Some Hispanic newborns have subretinal fluid or macular cystoid structures on SD-OCT. This study expands our understanding of findings seen by SD-OCT in healthy full-term newborns of various races.
Cabrera, MT; O'Connell, RV; Toth, CA; Maldonado, RS; Tran-Viet, D; Allingham, MJ; Chiu, SJ; Farsiu, S; Maradiaga Panayotti, GM; Swamy, GK; Freedman, SF
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