Potential role of Hedgehog signaling and microRNA-29 in liver fibrosis of IKKβ-deficient mouse.
Recent studies have reported that NF-κB mediated down-regulation of miRNA-29 and lower expression of miRNA-29 promoted the deposition of collagens in fibrotic liver. Our previous research demonstrated that the increased Hedgehog (Hh) signaling, a key regulator for hepatic fibrogenesis, induced the severe hepatic fibrosis in the livers with impaired NF-κB signaling. These findings led us to investigate the effect of Hh and miRNA-29 on the hepatic fibrosis under dysregulated NF-κB signaling. In this study, we used IKKβ(F/F) and IKKβ-deficient IKKβ(ΔHEP) mouse model with a defective NF-κB signaling pathway, and assessed the expression of the miRNA-29 family (miRNA-29a, miRNA-29b, and miRNA-29c), Hh, and proliferation of MF-HSCs in liver from IKKβ(F/F) mice and IKKβ(ΔHEP) mice both before and after MCDE treatment. The activation of NF-κB was significantly increased in MCDE diet-fed IKKβ(F/F) mice compared to IKKβ(ΔHEP) mice. Expression of miRNA-29 family was greater in MCDE diet-fed IKKβ(ΔHEP) mice than IKKβ(F/F) mice, demonstrating that the impaired NF-κB pathway was unable to suppress the expression of miRNA-29s after injury. However, expression of the Hh signaling pathway was greatly enhanced, and activation of Hh promoted the accumulation of MF-HSCs with impaired NF-κB, eventually increasing fibrogenesis in the damaged liver of IKKβ(ΔHEP) mice. Therefore, these results demonstrated that Hh signaling regulates the proliferation of MF-HSCs irrespective of the action of miRNA-29, eventually contributing hepatic fibrosis, when the NF-κB pathway is disrupted.
Hyun, J; Choi, SS; Diehl, AM; Jung, Y
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