Borate as a synergistic anion for Marinobacter algicola ferric binding protein, FbpA: a role for boron in iron transport in marine life.

Journal Article

Boron in the ocean is generally considered a nonbiological element due to its relatively high concentration (0.4 mM) and depth independent concentration profile. Here we report an unexpected role for boron in the iron transport system of the marine bacterium Marinobacter algicola. Proteome analysis under varying boron concentrations revealed that the periplasmic ferric binding protein (Mb-FbpA) was among the proteins whose expression was most affected, strongly implicating the involvement of boron in iron utilization. Here we show that boron facilitates Fe(3+) sequestration by Mb-FbpA at pH 8 (oceanic pH) by acting as a synergistic anion (B(OH)4(1-)). Fe(3+) sequestration does not occur at pH 6.5 where boric acid (B(OH)3; pK(a) = 8.55) is the predominant species. Borate anion is also shown to bind to apo-Mb-FbpA with mM affinity at pH 8, consistent with the biological relevance implied from boron's oceanic concentration (0.4 mM). Borate is among those synergistic anions tested which support the strongest Fe(3+) binding to Mb-FbpA, where the range of anion dependent affinity constants is log K'(eff) = 21-22. Since the pKa of boric acid (8.55) lies near the pH of ocean water, changes in oceanic pH, as a consequence of fluctuations in atmospheric CO2, may perturb iron uptake in many marine heterotrophic bacteria due to a decrease in oceanic borate anion concentration.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Weerasinghe, AJ; Amin, SA; Barker, RA; Othman, T; Romano, AN; Parker Siburt, CJ; Tisnado, J; Lambert, LA; Huxford, T; Carrano, CJ; Crumbliss, AL

Published Date

  • October 2, 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 135 / 39

Start / End Page

  • 14504 - 14507

PubMed ID

  • 24028339

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-5126

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/ja406609s

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States