Obesity. Workshop III. AHA Prevention Conference III. Behavior change and compliance: keys to improving cardiovascular health.
The workshop provided the opportunity to discuss issues and develop and integrate ideas. The following recommendations for public policies, education programs, and high-priority research initiatives were developed: Recommendations for Public Policies: Focus on prevention by requiring school programs to emphasize appropriate diet, physical activity, and general health guidance to promote cardiovascular health and prevent disease through federal funding. Provide better access to exercise (city planning, work-site interventions). Influence food availability and accessibility. Influence reimbursement policies for effective early intervention and prevention strategies for obesity. Reevaluate policies for use of drugs in the treatment of obesity. Recommendations for Education Programs: Sponsor scientific workshop to: Define the most appropriate weight standards for prevention and treatment. Identify who should lose weight and why, when, and how. Promote the fact that obesity is an important health risk factor, even at moderate levels, and that excess visceral fat is particularly hazardous. Target health care professionals, consumers, and the media for education about: Nature of obesity as a heterogeneous syndrome. Recommendations for diet, exercise, behavioral interventions, drugs, and surgery. Recognition of special needs of populations of different ethnicity, gender, age, etc. State-of-the-art treatment and treatment programs. High-Priority Research Initiatives: Build better bridges between basic research and treatment/prevention practices. Acknowledge that obesity is a heterogeneous syndrome that may best be characterized as different obesities. Research on defining subtypes. Implications for etiology and treatment. Better characterization of genotypes and phenotypes. Study the effects of weight loss, weight gain,and weight cycling on medical and psychosocial outcomes and mortality.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
St Jeor, ST; Brownell, KD; Atkinson, RL; Bouchard, C; Dwyer, J; Foreyt, JP; Heber, D; Kris-Etherton, P; Stern, JS; Willett, W
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