Exercise decreases fat selection in female rats during weight cycling.

Published

Journal Article

Weight cycling (weight loss and regain) increases fat intake in rats allowed to self-select a diet from protein, carbohydrate, and fat sources. This study reports the effects of exercise on macronutrient self-selection. Female Sprague-Dawley rats (5 mo old) self-selected their diet. After 3 wk, rats were assigned to one of the following three groups: ad libitum fed sedentary (Con), sedentary food restricted to 40% Con intake (R-Sed), or treadmill exercised (20 m/min, 1 h/day, 6 day/wk) food restricted to 40% Con intake (R-Ex). Food restriction was for 3 wk followed by 5 wk of refeeding. This was repeated for a second cycle. During restriction, body weight decreased by 30% in R-Sed and by 33% in R-Ex than in R-Sed, fat regain was greater in R-Sed. By week 3 of refeeding, total caloric consumption did not differ. However, fat selection increased in R-Sed (56% kcal) vs. R-Ex (30%) and Con (35%). Fat selection in R-Sed increased further during cycle 2 (73% kcal). Resting oxygen consumption decreased during food restriction in R-Sed and R-Ex. After refeeding, resting metabolic rate in R-Ex was significantly greater than in R-Sed. In conclusion, weight cycling increases dietary fat selection and adiposity. Exercise mitigates this effect.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gerardo-Gettens, T; Miller, GD; Horwitz, BA; McDonald, RB; Brownell, KD; Greenwood, MR; Rodin, J; Stern, JS

Published Date

  • March 1, 1991

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 260 / 3 Pt 2

Start / End Page

  • R518 - R524

PubMed ID

  • 2001001

Pubmed Central ID

  • 2001001

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2163-5773

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9513

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1152/ajpregu.1991.260.3.r518

Language

  • eng