Treatment of obese children with and without their mothers: changes in weight and blood pressure.


Journal Article

Weight and blood pressure changes were evaluated in a 16-month controlled trial comparing three methods of involving mothers in the treatment of their obese adolescents (aged 12 to 16 years). The treatments were: (1) Mother-Child Separately--children and mothers attended separate groups; (2) Mother-Child Together--the children and mothers met together in the same group; and (3) Child Alone--the children met in groups and mothers were not involved. The program consisted of behavior modification, social support, nutrition, and exercise. The Mother-Child Separately group lost more weight (8.4 kg) during treatment than did the other two groups (5.3 and 3.3 kg). Differences between the groups increased at the 1-year follow-up: compared to pretreatment weight, the Mother-Child Separately group lost 7.7 kg compared with gains of approximately 3 kg in the other two groups. Blood pressures of children with the highest initial pressures decreased by 16/9 mm Hg at the end of treatment and by 16/5 mm Hg at the 1-year follow-up. These results suggest that a program of behavior modification and parent involvement can lead to significant weight losses in obese children, and that the nature of parent involvement may be important.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Brownell, KD; Kelman, JH; Stunkard, AJ

Published Date

  • April 1, 1983

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 71 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 515 - 523

PubMed ID

  • 6835735

Pubmed Central ID

  • 6835735

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-4275

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0031-4005


  • eng