Depletion of plasma membrane cholesterol dampens hydrostatic pressure and shear stress-induced mechanotransduction pathways in osteoblast cultures.
The preferential association of cholesterol and sphingolipids within plasma membranes forms organized compartments termed lipid rafts. Addition of caveolin proteins to this lipid milieu induces the formation of specialized invaginated plasma membrane structures called caveolae. Both lipid rafts and caveolae are purported to function in vesicular transport and cell signaling. We and others have shown that disassembly of rafts and caveolae through depletion of plasma membrane cholesterol mitigates mechanotransduction processes in endothelial cells. Because osteoblasts are subjected to fluid-mechanical forces, we hypothesize that cholesterol-rich plasma membrane microdomains also serve the mechanotransduction process in this cell type. Cultured human fetal osteoblasts were subjected to either sustained hydrostatic pressure or laminar shear stress using a pressure column or parallel-plate apparatus, respectively. We found that sustained hydrostatic pressure induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation, activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2, and enhanced expression of c-fos in both time- and magnitude-dependent manners. Similar responses were observed in cells subjected to laminar shear stress. Both sustained hydrostatic pressure- and shear stress-induced signaling were significantly reduced in osteoblasts pre-exposed to either filipin or methyl-beta-cyclodextrin. These mechanotransduction responses were restored on reconstitution of lipid rafts and caveolae, which suggests that cholesterol-rich plasma membrane microdomains participate in the mechanotransduction process in osteoblasts. In addition, mechanical force-induced phosphoproteins were localized within caveolin-containing membranes. These data support the concept that lipid rafts and caveolae serve a general function as cell surface mechanotransduction sites within the plasma membrane.
Ferraro, JT; Daneshmand, M; Bizios, R; Rizzo, V
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)