Phase plane analysis of left ventricular hemodynamics.
We sought to extract additional physiological information from the time-dependent left ventricular (LV) pressure contour and thereby gain new insights into ventricular function. We used phase plane analysis to characterize high-fidelity pressure data in selected subjects undergoing elective cardiac catheterization. The standard hemodynamic indexes of LV systolic and diastolic function derived from the time-dependent LV pressure contour could be easily obtained using the phase plane method. Additional novel attributes of the phase plane pressure loop, such as phase plane pressure loop area, graphical representation of the isovolumic relaxation time constant, and quantitative measures of beat-to-beat systolic-diastolic coupling were characterized. The asymmetry between the pressures at which maximum isovolumic pressure rise and pressure fall occur, as well as their load dependence, were also easily quantitated. These results indicate that the phase plane method provides a novel window for physiological discovery and has theoretical and applied advantages in quantitative ventricular function characterization.
Eucker, SA; Lisauskas, JB; Singh, J; Kovács, SJ
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