Perioperative hemostatic management of patients treated with vitamin K antagonists.

Published

Other Article (Review)

Clinicians, including anesthesiologists, surgeons, and intensivists, are frequently called on to correct coagulopathy in patients receiving oral anticoagulation therapy. Before elective surgery, anticoagulation reversal may be undertaken over several days by discontinuing warfarin or vitamin K treatment, but rapid correction is required in an emergency. European and American guidelines recommend prothrombin complex concentrates (PCCs) for anticoagulation reversal in patients with life-threatening bleeding and an increased international normalized ratio. Compared with human fresh frozen plasma, PCCs provide quicker correction of the international normalized ratio and improved bleeding control. Although there are historic concerns regarding potential infectious and thrombotic risks with PCCs, current PCC formulations are much improved. Recombinant activated factor VII is a potential alternative to PCCs, but preclinical comparisons suggest that PCCs are more effective in correcting coagulopathy. Although many patients who require rapid reversal of warfarin are currently treated with fresh frozen plasma, PCCs should be considered as an alternative therapy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Levy, JH; Tanaka, KA; Dietrich, W

Published Date

  • November 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 109 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 918 - 926

PubMed ID

  • 18946305

Pubmed Central ID

  • 18946305

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1528-1175

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181895bd8

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States