Assessment of emotional distress in chronic kidney disease patients and kidney transplant recipients
Objective. To assess the presence of emotional distress in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and the effect of kidney transplant on these symptoms. Material and methods. This was a two-part study. Part one was cross-sectional, observational, and descriptive, where 75 patients with CKD were evaluated for emotional distress with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD) and the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90). In part two, we longitudinally followed 19% of the study cohort to examine symptomatological changes after their kidney transplantation. Results. The results of the HAD indicated that 30.7% of the study cohort with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) showed anxious symptoms, and 25.3% showed depressive symptoms. The change in the HAD total score before and after kidney transplant was not significant. However, a significant decrease in total score on the SCL-90 was observed before and after transplantation. Conclusion. Improvement on emotional distress was found after kidney transplantation.
González-De-Jesús, LN; Sánchez-Román, S; Morales-Buenrostro, LE; Ostrosky-Solís, F; Alberú, J; García-Ramos, G; Marino-Vázquez, LA; McClintock, SM
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