Improvement of cardiovascular risk prediction: time to review current knowledge, debates, and fundamentals on how to assess test characteristics.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Cardiovascular risk assessment might be improved with the addition of emerging, new tests derived from atherosclerosis imaging, laboratory tests or functional tests. This article reviews relative risk, odds ratios, receiver-operating curves, posttest risk calculations based on likelihood ratios, the net reclassification improvement and integrated discrimination. This serves to determine whether a new test has an added clinical value on top of conventional risk testing and how this can be verified statistically. Two clinically meaningful examples serve to illustrate novel approaches. This work serves as a review and basic work for the development of new guidelines on cardiovascular risk prediction, taking into account emerging tests, to be proposed by members of the 'Taskforce on Vascular Risk Prediction' under the auspices of the Working Group 'Swiss Atherosclerosis' of the Swiss Society of Cardiology in the future.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Romanens, M; Ackermann, F; Spence, JD; Darioli, R; Rodondi, N; Corti, R; Noll, G; Schwenkglenks, M; Pencina, M

Published Date

  • February 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 18 - 23

PubMed ID

  • 19952758

Pubmed Central ID

  • 19952758

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1741-8275

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1741-8267

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/hjr.0b013e3283347059

Language

  • eng