The role of exposure in posttraumatic stress in youths following the 1995 bombing.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

This study investigated the relative impact of various forms of exposure to the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing in middle and high school students seven weeks after the incident. We assessed 3210 youths with an instrument that probed for physical, television, and emotional exposure to the bombing and subsequent posttraumatic stress symptomatology and television reactivity. The majority of youths were exposed through physical proximity--hearing and/or feeling the blast--and through television viewing. These types of exposure, as well as emotional exposure, constituted important variables in the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms and television reactivity. Youths with immediate family casualties were more symptomatic than those without.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Pfefferbaum, B; Moore, VL; McDonald, NB; Maynard, BT; Gurwitch, RH; Nixon, SJ

Published Date

  • April 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 92 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 164 - 167

PubMed ID

  • 10213967

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0030-1876


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States