Heading and hydrophone data fusion for towed array shape estimation
This paper addresses the problem of towed array shape estimation for passive, horizontal sonar arrays. Beamforming and localization techniques significantly degrade when an assumed linear array bends due to tow platform maneuvers or ocean currents. In this paper, heading sensors along the array and acoustic hydrophone data are jointly used to estimate the shape of the array. Previously, heading data have been filtered using a dynamical motion model to reduce noise during turns. In recent work, a time-varying noise field directionality estimate that incorporates a dynamical model for the acoustic field provides a second, albeit biased, estimate of the array shape. In this paper, these two estimates are combined via adaptive weights to obtain improved shape estimates during maneuvers. A multi-source simulation is used to demonstrate the robustness of the combined array shape estimate when compared to the separate heading or acoustic sensor based techniques. © 2013 Acoustical Society of America.
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