Cellular origins and molecular mechanisms of Barrett's esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma.
This paper presents commentaries on animal models used for Barrett's esophagus (BE) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) research; acid- and bile-induced chromosomal instability and clonal selection during the progression of BE to EAC; how the components of gastric refluxate, especially acid and bile salts, promote carcinogenesis in metaplastic BE; genome-wide changes in DNA methylation and transcription involved in BE carcinogenesis; the potential role of miRNA in the development of BE and EAC; the effect of inflammatory cytokines linked to obesity on the activation of cell-death pathways and cell survival in BE and esophageal cancer; and the role of autophagy in esophageal cancer development.
Fang, Y; Chen, X; Bajpai, M; Verma, A; Das, KM; Souza, RF; Garman, KS; Donohoe, CL; O'Farrell, NJ; Reynolds, JV; Dvorak, K
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