Even with all their diversity, feminist, womanist, and mujerista theologies have one thing in common: they make the liberation of women central to the theological task. This is not to say that there is complete consensus concerning the ends of such liberation. For example, feminists who argue that the flourishing of women is achieved by resistance to sexism are criticized by those who claim that such patterns unduly privilege the category of gender. Despite these conflicts, however, feminist, womanist, and mujerista theologians have historically shared a general liberation hermeneutic, marked, at least in part, by commitments around identity. Rather than positioning themselves as generic “theology,” these works emerged out of situations of oppression for marginalized groups that initiated critical assessments of existing social, ecclesial, and theological structures. The result has been liberative interpretive practices crafted from new combinations of the tradition and contemporary resources.
- The Cambridge Companion to Postmodern Theology
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