Acute aortic dissection in blacks: Insights from the international registry of acute aortic dissection
Background Few data exist on race-related differences in acute aortic dissection patients. Methods We evaluated black (n = 189, 14%) or white (n = 1165, 86%) patients (mean age 62.8 ± 15.3 years; 36.4% women) enrolled in 13 US centers participating in the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection. We excluded patients of other racial descent. Results Type B acute aortic dissection was more frequent in the black cohort (52.4% vs 39.3%, P =.001). Black patients were younger (mean age 54.6 ± 12.8 years vs 64.2 ± 15.2 years, P <.001) and more likely to have a history of cocaine abuse (12% vs 1.6%, P <.001), hypertension (89.7% vs 73.9%, P <.001), and diabetes (13.2% vs 6.4%, P =.001). Conversely, they were less likely to have bicuspid aortic valve (1.8% vs 5.8%, P =.029), iatrogenic dissection (0.5% vs 4.5%, P =.010), and prior aortic dissection repair (7.7% vs 12.8%, P =.047). Presenting features were similar except for more abdominal pain (44.6% vs 30.6%, P <.001) and left ventricular hypertrophy on echocardiogram (44.2% vs 20.1%, P <.001) in blacks. Management was similar. Hypotension/shock/tamponade was less common (7.6% vs 20.1%, P <.001), whereas acute kidney failure was more common (41.0% vs 21.7%, P <.001) in blacks. Mortality was similar in-hospital (14.3% vs 19.1%, P =.110, odds ratio 0.704, 95% confidence interval 0.457-1.085) and at 3 years postdischarge, as evaluated by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis (22.0% vs 14.3%, P =.224, SE = 0.062 and 0.018). Conclusions Our study shows differences in type, etiology, and presentation of blacks and whites with acute aortic dissection, yet similar mortality for these cohorts.
Bossone, E; Pyeritz, RE; O'Gara, P; Harris, KM; Braverman, AC; Pape, L; Russo, MJ; Hughes, GC; Tsai, TT; Montgomery, DG; Nienaber, CA; Isselbacher, EM; Eagle, KA
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