Soluble markers for the assessment of biological activity with PTK787/ZK 222584 (PTK/ZK), a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor in patients with advanced colorectal cancer from two phase I trials.
Plasma and serum biomarkers of angiogenesis and activated endothelial cells were evaluated to assess biological activity of PTK787/ZK 222584 (PTK/ZK), a novel oral angiogenesis inhibitor targeting all known vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor tyrosine kinases.
Patients and methods
Patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) (n=63) were enrolled into two phase I/II dose escalation trials of PTK/ZK in 28-day cycles until discontinuation. Patients with stable disease for > or =2 months were categorized as 'non-progressors'. Plasma markers of angiogenesis, VEGF-A and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and the serum markers of activated endothelial cells, sTIE-2 and sE-Selectin, were assessed at baseline, and pre-dose on days 1, 8, 15, 22 and 28 of every cycle, with additional assessments 10 h post-dose on days 1 and 15. The percentage change from baseline was subsequently correlated with AUC and C(max) of PTK/ZK on day 1, cycle 1 and clinical outcome.
A dose-dependent increase in plasma VEGF-A and bFGF was observed in the first cycle of PTK/ZK treatment. The correlation of change in plasma VEGF-A with AUC and C(max) was characterized by an E(max) model, suggesting that a change of > or =150% from baseline VEGF-A correlated with non-progressive disease. Change from baseline plasma VEGF-A within the first cycle of treatment was significantly correlated with clinical outcome by logistic regression analysis (P=0.027).
In patients with CRC treated with PTK/ZK, changes in plasma VEGF-A and bFGF demonstrate biological activity of PTK/ZK, may help to establish optimal dose and correlate with outcome.
Drevs, J; Zirrgiebel, U; Schmidt-Gersbach, CIM; Mross, K; Medinger, M; Lee, L; Pinheiro, J; Wood, J; Thomas, AL; Unger, C; Henry, A; Steward, WP; Laurent, D; Lebwohl, D; Dugan, M; Marmé, D
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