β-Adrenergic Receptors and Regulation of Energy Expenditure: A Family Affair

Published

Book

The family of adrenergic receptors (ARs) expressed in adipocytes includes three sibling β ARs and two α AR cousins. Together they profoundly influence the mobilization of stored fatty acids, secretion of fat-cell derived hormones, and the specialized process of nonshivering thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue. The two types of fat cells that compose adipose tissue, brown and white, are structurally and functionally distinct. Studies on the mechanisms by which individual β AR regulates these cell-specific functions have recently uncovered new signal transduction cascades involved in processes traditionally ascribed to adenylyl cyclase/cAMP/protein kinase A system. They illustrate how β AR signaling can orchestrate a coordinated set of intracellular responses for fine control of metabolic balance.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Robidoux, J; Martin, TL; Collins, S

Published Date

  • March 10, 2004

Volume / Issue

  • 44 /

Start / End Page

  • 297 - 323

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1146/annurev.pharmtox.44.101802.121659

Citation Source

  • Scopus