Differential Associations Between Partner Violence and Physical Health Symptoms Among Caucasian and African American Help-Seeking Women.

Published

Journal Article

The relationship between partner violence and physical health symptoms is well-established. Although some researchers have theorized that the physical health effects of partner violence may be worse for ethnic minority women, there is little research addressing this topic. The current study examined whether African American women demonstrate a differential association in this relationship than Caucasian women. This study included 323 women (232 African American, 91 Caucasian) who participated in a larger investigation of the psychological and psychophysiological correlates of recent partner violence among women seeking help for the abuse. Race was examined as a moderator of the relationship between partner violence frequency and physical health symptoms. Although mean levels of partner violence frequency and physical health symptoms did not significantly differ between African American and Caucasian women, linear regression analyses demonstrated a significant positive relationship between partner violence frequency and physical health symptoms for African American women; whereas there was no association observed between these variables for Caucasian women. Post hoc analyses revealed that posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms partially mediated the association between partner violence frequency and physical health symptoms for the African American women. The current findings underscore the importance of considering race when studying the effect of partner violence on women's health.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Iverson, KM; Bauer, MR; Shipherd, JC; Pineles, SL; Harrington, EF; Resick, PA

Published Date

  • March 1, 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 5 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 158 - 166

PubMed ID

  • 23616911

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23616911

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1942-969X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/a0025912

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States