Causal Attributions, Depression, and Post‐Traumatic Stress Disorder in Victims of Crime


Journal Article

The major purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between causal attributions and symptomatology in victims of crime. Fifty‐one subjects who had not been crime victims and 120 subjects who had been crime victims participated in the study and were assessed for symptoms of post‐traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Subjects also completed two attributional questionnaires. The potential differences in symptomatology among victims of a single crime, multiple crimes, and nonvictims were investigated. Results did not indicate differences in depression and PTSD based on single vs. multiple victimization, although differences between victims and nonvictims were found. Results using the Causal Dimension Scale (CDS; Peterson et al., 1982) indicated significant differences in the causal attributions of victims and nonvictims. On the Attributional Style Questionnaire (ASQ; Russell, 1982), group comparisons among nonvictims, PTSD victims, depression victims, both depression and PTSD victims, and victims with low symptoms did not yield significant results. However, regression analyses indicated that several subscales of both the CDS and ASQ were found to be moderate predictors of symptomatology. Implications for future research are discussed. Copyright © 1995, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Falsetti, SA; Resick, PA

Published Date

  • January 1, 1995

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 1027 - 1042

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1559-1816

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9029

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1995.tb00615.x

Citation Source

  • Scopus