Victim-Offender Relationship Status Moderates the Relationships of Peritraumatic Emotional Responses, Active Resistance, and Posttraumatic Stress Symptomatology in Female Rape Survivors.

Published

Journal Article

This study examined whether the level of victim-offender relationship (VOR) moderated the relationship between peritraumatic fear and active resistance as well as the relationship between peritraumatic fear and posttraumatic stress symptom severity in a community sample of female rape survivors. One hundred thirty-five participants were interviewed about their emotional and behavioral responses during the rape and assessed for posttraumatic stress symptomatology within one month of the assault. Results indicated that peritraumatic fear was positively associated with active resistance, but only among survivors of acquaintance rape. Additionally, peritraumatic fear was positively associated with posttraumatic stress symptom severity, but only among survivors of intimate partner rape. These results suggest that VOR may be an important contextual factor that influences emotional and behavioral responses during rape as well as posttraumatic stress symptomatology in its aftermath.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Feinstein, BA; Humphreys, KL; Bovin, MJ; Marx, BP; Resick, PA

Published Date

  • June 1, 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 3 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 192 - 200

PubMed ID

  • 21731797

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21731797

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1942-969X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/a0021652

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States