What performance characteristics determine elite versus nonelite athletes in the same sport?

Published

Journal Article

CONTEXT: There are significant data comparing elite and nonelite athletes in anaerobic field and court sports as well as endurance sports. This review delineates specific performance characteristics in the elite athlete and may help guide rehabilitation. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A Medline search from April 1982 to April 2012 was undertaken for articles written in English. Additional references were accrued from reference lists of research articles. RESULTS: In the anaerobic athlete, maximal power production was consistently correlated to elite performance. Elite performance in the endurance athlete is more ambiguous, however, and appears to be related to the dependent variable investigated in each individual study. CONCLUSION: In anaerobic field and court sport athletes, maximal power output is most predictive of elite performance. In the endurance athlete, however, it is not as clear. Elite endurance athletes consistently test higher than nonelite athletes in running economy, anaerobic threshold, and VO2max.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lorenz, DS; Reiman, MP; Lehecka, BJ; Naylor, A

Published Date

  • November 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 5 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 542 - 547

PubMed ID

  • 24427430

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24427430

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1941-7381

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/1941738113479763

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States