Hopelessness as a risk factor for post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms among interpersonal violence survivors.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Post-traumatic stress disorder often co-occurs with depression, and they may share common risk factors. One possible common cognitive risk factor is hopelessness. Thus, we examined whether hopelessness was related to symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. Participants were 202 female survivors of interpersonal violence. Relationships between self-reported and interviewer-rated measures of hopelessness gathered at 2 weeks post-trauma and self-reported and interviewer-rated symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder gathered at 2 weeks and 3 months post-trauma were examined. Hierarchical, simultaneous regression analyses that co-varied trauma type revealed that hopelessness was related to self-reported symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, both concurrently and prospectively. Follow-up analyses revealed that relationships between hopelessness and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder were due almost entirely to shared variance with depression. No relationships were found between hopelessness and interviewer-rated symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Scher, CD; Resick, PA

Published Date

  • 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 34 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 99 - 107

PubMed ID

  • 15986786

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2976660

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1650-6073

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/16506070510008434


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England