Basal anthropoids from Egypt and the antiquity of Africa's higher primate radiation.


Journal Article

Early anthropoid evolution in Afro-Arabia is poorly documented, with only a few isolated teeth known from before approximately 35 million years ago. Here we describe craniodental remains of the primitive anthropoid Biretia from approximately 37-million-year-old rocks in Egypt. Biretia is unique among early anthropoids in exhibiting evidence for nocturnality, but derived dental features shared with younger parapithecids draw this genus, and possibly >45-million-year-old Algeripithecus, into a morphologically and behaviorally diverse parapithecoid clade of great antiquity.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Seiffert, ER; Simons, EL; Clyde, WC; Rossie, JB; Attia, Y; Bown, TM; Chatrath, P; Mathison, ME

Published Date

  • October 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 310 / 5746

Start / End Page

  • 300 - 304

PubMed ID

  • 16224019

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16224019

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1095-9203

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0036-8075

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1126/science.1116569


  • eng