(The development of agriculture in the socialist countries of South East Europe).
Reviews post-war agricultural policies in the CMEA, particularly in Hungary, Bulgaria and Romania. Collectivization of various types covers 83.6% of Hungarian farm area and 75% of Bulgarian. State farms account for 14.8% in Hungary and 14% in Romania. Generally agricultural development has been retarded by the priority to industrialization. The following factors contribute to current underdevelopment: 1) lack of adequate materials; 2) unwillingness of authorities to make the investments necessary to expand rural infrastructure and the industries upstream and downstream of the farm sector; 3) the shortage of skilled manpower; 4) the initially low and unequal living standards; and 5) migration industrial centres. Various reforms since 1968 tried to deal with these. National policies have tended to be directed towards self sufficiency and developing trade within the CMEA bloc. There are moves towards developing trade with the EEC. -from WAERSA