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Validations of the OM-6 Parent-Proxy Survey for Infants/Toddlers with Otitis Media.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Tao, J; Schulz, K; Jeffe, DB; Lieu, JEC
Published in: Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
May 2018

Objective To validate the Otitis Media-6 (OM-6), a parent-proxy quality-of-life (QOL) questionnaire for infants/young children with OM, against other previously validated generic QOL questionnaires. Study Design Multi-institutional cross-sectional study. Setting Twenty-three otolaryngology, pediatric, and family practices across the United States. Subjects and Methods Caregivers of 6- to 24-month-old children with a history of OM completed the OM-6, OM History Form, and Pediatric Quality of Life (PedsQL) Infant Scales survey. Principal components analysis (PCA) examined the underlying factor structure of items on the OM-6, and Cronbach's α measured the internal consistency of items on each factor. Discriminant validity was assessed with receiver operating curves (ROCs). Results Surveys from 1045 patients were analyzed. The overall OM-6 was strongly to moderately correlated with the PedsQL Infant Scales scores (Pearson r = -0.649 for ages 6-12 months and -0.566 for ages 13-24 months). Two underlying constructs, "Behavior and Symptoms" and "Hearing and Speech," emerged from the PCA. Each factor and the overall OM-6 showed excellent internal consistency reliability (each Cronbach's α >0.75). The areas under the curve on the ROC analyses were <0.65 for recurrent and chronic OM using a variety of frequency and chronicity cut-points and definitions. Conclusion The OM-6 measures 2 underlying QOL constructs, Behavior and Symptoms and Hearing/Speech. The overall OM-6 showed acceptably high internal consistency reliability and good construct validity. However, the ability of the OM-6 to identify children who have more severe clinical recurrent or chronic OM vs milder disease was not supported by our analysis.

Published In

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg

DOI

EISSN

1097-6817

Publication Date

May 2018

Volume

158

Issue

5

Start / End Page

934 / 941

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Quality of Life
  • Parents
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Otitis Media
  • Infant
  • Humans
 

Citation

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Tao, J., Schulz, K., Jeffe, D. B., & Lieu, J. E. C. (2018). Validations of the OM-6 Parent-Proxy Survey for Infants/Toddlers with Otitis Media. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 158(5), 934–941. https://doi.org/10.1177/0194599817750372
Tao, Joy, Kristine Schulz, Donna B. Jeffe, and Judith E. C. Lieu. “Validations of the OM-6 Parent-Proxy Survey for Infants/Toddlers with Otitis Media.Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 158, no. 5 (May 2018): 934–41. https://doi.org/10.1177/0194599817750372.
Tao J, Schulz K, Jeffe DB, Lieu JEC. Validations of the OM-6 Parent-Proxy Survey for Infants/Toddlers with Otitis Media. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018 May;158(5):934–41.
Tao, Joy, et al. “Validations of the OM-6 Parent-Proxy Survey for Infants/Toddlers with Otitis Media.Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, vol. 158, no. 5, May 2018, pp. 934–41. Pubmed, doi:10.1177/0194599817750372.
Tao J, Schulz K, Jeffe DB, Lieu JEC. Validations of the OM-6 Parent-Proxy Survey for Infants/Toddlers with Otitis Media. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018 May;158(5):934–941.
Journal cover image

Published In

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg

DOI

EISSN

1097-6817

Publication Date

May 2018

Volume

158

Issue

5

Start / End Page

934 / 941

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Quality of Life
  • Parents
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Otitis Media
  • Infant
  • Humans