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Performance of the Rule of 5 for Detecting Glaucoma Progression between Visits with OCT.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Thompson, AC; Jammal, AA; Medeiros, FA
Published in: Ophthalmol Glaucoma
2019

PURPOSE: To evaluate whether loss of 5 μm or more in global retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness on spectral-domain (SD) between 2 consecutive visits is specific for glaucoma progression. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-two eyes of 49 control participants and 300 eyes of 210 glaucoma patients. METHODS: Patients completed at least 5 standard automated perimetry and SD OCT examinations at 6-month intervals over at least 2 years. Eyes were categorized as progressing from glaucoma if the average RNFL declined by 5 μm or more between 2 consecutive visits. The false-positive proportion was estimated by 2 methods: (1) 5-μm or more loss in control participants and (2) 5-μm or more gain in glaucoma. The false-positive proportion was subtracted from the cumulative proportion of eyes categorized with glaucoma progression to estimate the true progression prevalence. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: False-positive and true progression prevalence of patients with glaucoma detected as progressing on SD OCT. RESULTS: After 5 years of semiannual testing, the cumulative proportion of false-positive results based on 5-μm or more RNFL losses between visits was 24.8% in the control participants. Although 40.6% of glaucoma eyes were diagnosed with progression at 5 years, only 15.8% would have been considered to show true progression based on the expected false-positive ratio from the control participants (i.e., 40.6%-24.8%). The cumulative proportion of an intervisit gain of 5 μm or more at 5 years was 27.4% in glaucoma eyes, suggesting that only 13.2% of eyes with glaucoma truly had progressed (i.e., 40.6%-27.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Loss of 5 μm or more in average RNFL thickness between consecutive SD OCT tests is not specific for glaucoma progression. Application of this intervisit rule of 5 can result in a high cumulative proportion of false-positive results over time, which could lead to unnecessary interventions in patients whose disease is stable. More specific diagnostic criteria are needed to help clinicians determine whether patients with glaucoma are progressing so that therapy escalation is both timely and appropriate.

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Published In

Ophthalmol Glaucoma

DOI

EISSN

2589-4196

Publication Date

2019

Volume

2

Issue

5

Start / End Page

319 / 326

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Visual Fields
  • Visual Acuity
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells
  • Prospective Studies
  • Optic Disk
  • Nerve Fibers
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Intraocular Pressure
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
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Thompson, A. C., Jammal, A. A., & Medeiros, F. A. (2019). Performance of the Rule of 5 for Detecting Glaucoma Progression between Visits with OCT. Ophthalmol Glaucoma, 2(5), 319–326. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ogla.2019.05.003
Thompson, Atalie C., Alessandro A. Jammal, and Felipe A. Medeiros. “Performance of the Rule of 5 for Detecting Glaucoma Progression between Visits with OCT.Ophthalmol Glaucoma 2, no. 5 (2019): 319–26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ogla.2019.05.003.
Thompson AC, Jammal AA, Medeiros FA. Performance of the Rule of 5 for Detecting Glaucoma Progression between Visits with OCT. Ophthalmol Glaucoma. 2019;2(5):319–26.
Thompson, Atalie C., et al. “Performance of the Rule of 5 for Detecting Glaucoma Progression between Visits with OCT.Ophthalmol Glaucoma, vol. 2, no. 5, 2019, pp. 319–26. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.ogla.2019.05.003.
Thompson AC, Jammal AA, Medeiros FA. Performance of the Rule of 5 for Detecting Glaucoma Progression between Visits with OCT. Ophthalmol Glaucoma. 2019;2(5):319–326.
Journal cover image

Published In

Ophthalmol Glaucoma

DOI

EISSN

2589-4196

Publication Date

2019

Volume

2

Issue

5

Start / End Page

319 / 326

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Visual Fields
  • Visual Acuity
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells
  • Prospective Studies
  • Optic Disk
  • Nerve Fibers
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Intraocular Pressure