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Associations of sleep with food cravings and loss-of-control eating in youth: An ecological momentary assessment study.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Parker, MN; LeMay-Russell, S; Schvey, NA; Crosby, RD; Ramirez, E; Kelly, NR; Shank, LM; Byrne, ME; Engel, SG; Swanson, TN; Djan, KG; Zenno, A ...
Published in: Pediatric obesity
February 2022

Inconsistent sleep patterns may promote excess weight gain by increasing food cravings and loss-of-control (LOC)-eating; however, these relationships have not been elucidated in youth.We tested whether sleep duration and timing were associated with food cravings and LOC-eating.For 14 days, youths wore actigraphy monitors to assess sleep and reported severity of food cravings and LOC-eating using ecological momentary assessment. Generalized linear mixed models tested the associations between weekly and nightly shifts in facets of sleep (i.e., duration, onset, midpoint, and waketime) and next-day food cravings and LOC-eating. Models were re-run adjusting for relevant covariates (e.g., age, sex, adiposity).Among 48 youths (12.88 ± 2.69 years, 68.8% female, 33.3% with overweight/obesity), neither weekly nor nightly facets of sleep were significantly associated with food cravings (ps = 0.08-0.93). Youths with shorter weekly sleep duration (est. ß = -0.31, p = 0.004), earlier weekly midpoints (est. ß = -0.47, p = 0.010) and later weekly waketimes (est. ß = 0.49, p = 0.010) reported greater LOC-eating severity; findings persisted in adjusted models.In youth, weekly, but not nightly, shifts in multiple facets of sleep were associated with LOC-eating severity; associations were not significant for food cravings. Sleep should be assessed as a potentially modifiable target in paediatric LOC-eating and obesity prevention programs.

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Published In

Pediatric obesity

DOI

EISSN

2047-6310

ISSN

2047-6302

Publication Date

February 2022

Volume

17

Issue

2

Start / End Page

e12851

Related Subject Headings

  • Sleep
  • Overweight
  • Obesity
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Ecological Momentary Assessment
  • Eating
  • Craving
 

Citation

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Parker, M. N., LeMay-Russell, S., Schvey, N. A., Crosby, R. D., Ramirez, E., Kelly, N. R., … Yanovski, J. A. (2022). Associations of sleep with food cravings and loss-of-control eating in youth: An ecological momentary assessment study. Pediatric Obesity, 17(2), e12851. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijpo.12851
Parker, Megan N., Sarah LeMay-Russell, Natasha A. Schvey, Ross D. Crosby, Eliana Ramirez, Nichole R. Kelly, Lisa M. Shank, et al. “Associations of sleep with food cravings and loss-of-control eating in youth: An ecological momentary assessment study.Pediatric Obesity 17, no. 2 (February 2022): e12851. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijpo.12851.
Parker MN, LeMay-Russell S, Schvey NA, Crosby RD, Ramirez E, Kelly NR, et al. Associations of sleep with food cravings and loss-of-control eating in youth: An ecological momentary assessment study. Pediatric obesity. 2022 Feb;17(2):e12851.
Parker, Megan N., et al. “Associations of sleep with food cravings and loss-of-control eating in youth: An ecological momentary assessment study.Pediatric Obesity, vol. 17, no. 2, Feb. 2022, p. e12851. Epmc, doi:10.1111/ijpo.12851.
Parker MN, LeMay-Russell S, Schvey NA, Crosby RD, Ramirez E, Kelly NR, Shank LM, Byrne ME, Engel SG, Swanson TN, Djan KG, Kwarteng EA, Faulkner LM, Zenno A, Brady SM, Yanovski SZ, Tanofsky-Kraff M, Yanovski JA. Associations of sleep with food cravings and loss-of-control eating in youth: An ecological momentary assessment study. Pediatric obesity. 2022 Feb;17(2):e12851.
Journal cover image

Published In

Pediatric obesity

DOI

EISSN

2047-6310

ISSN

2047-6302

Publication Date

February 2022

Volume

17

Issue

2

Start / End Page

e12851

Related Subject Headings

  • Sleep
  • Overweight
  • Obesity
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Ecological Momentary Assessment
  • Eating
  • Craving